Science and Religions: Does It Always Have to be ‘Versus’?
There are good reasons why many scientists are skeptical about religions. Why wouldn’t they, when scientific findings clash with religious dogmas and when scientists offering theorems not in line with those dogmas were persecuted back then during the old days in the Dark Ages?
It’s only normal that they’ve grown to hating religion. As time passes, scientific findings offer more concrete evidence and becomes increasingly appealing. Religion, meanwhile, have been deemed as less and less rational and now just seems outdated.
I think, however, that there is a large difference between religious dogmas and debates whether or not God truly exists.
They may be connected to each other in the way people who believe in God usually embrace one religion or another. But one’s belief that religious dogmas can be distasteful and irrational, which may be the reason why one becomes anti-religions, won’t change the fact whether or not God truly exists.
Such dogmas can indeed be wrong because of the high possibility of human interferences. God‘s existence, or lack thereof, is a matter of fact question that one which ones can decide through rational thinking and scientific evidence.
Generally speaking, Western scientists generally seem to mix religious dogmas with God. Some of these dogmas claim of intelligent design, which many scientists quickly counter with the evolution and the big bang theory. More proof have been offered over time to strengthen the claim for evolution but they all remain theories. But many non-believers consider this a victory to people who don’t have faith in God.
I beg to differ. I don’t think evolution or the big bang necessarily clash with the theory that God indeed exists. In Islam, God never exactly explains how He created the universe and its inhabitants. In the Qur’an, He only says He created them all, but doesn’t precisely shed a light whether it was through intelligent design or other means. He might as well create living creatures (including us, humans) with evolution, and the universe with the big bang.
If evolution is indeed true, it doesn’t necessarily mean God played no role in the creation of living beings. It might likewise explain that contrary to creating organisms just like that, in an almost perfect states, He might have created a system for all living things. The evolution process could be that system.
The same thing with the big bang. Some people might think that it is also evidence of God’s nonexistence. But have you ever wondered why the big bang suddenly occurred? Have you ever wondered why that primeval atom — the theoretical origin of the universe — was suddenly “filled homogeneously and isotropically with an incredibly high-energy density, huge temperatures and pressures,” which then led to the big bang event and the creation of the universe? Ever wonder how the universe came to have those magnificent structures — galaxies, cells, ecosystems, human beings — which somehow managed to assemble themselves?
An isolated system (i.e. the primeval atom) requires “external actions” from its surroundings (e.g. cosmic heat) to transform into a different system (in this case the present universe), otherwise it will either remain idle or deteriorate, according to the second law of thermodynamics.
Have you ever wondered what those “external actions” are, or what could have possibly inspired them? Especially when said actions then created a universe with those undeniably magnificent structures and systems?
As much as you think it is impossible for computers, cars, aircraft and skyscrapers to be made from groups of particles arrange themselves, there must be intelligence being behind their production, in this case human. I think it is even more impossible for a system as magnificent and sophisticated as the universe to likewise be created from similar particles rearranging themselves out of their own will. It is only rational and reasonable that there is also intelligent being behind the creation of the universe. Some people have decided to call that intelligent being the Creator. Some call it God.
The origin of God itself is undoubtedly even more inexplicable and, given, if He’s indeed there, we cannot possibly collect samples of His substances for some lab work. No science experiment could ever confirm His existence.
However that doesn’t change the fact that He is there, responsible for the design of the universe.
Here’s a quote from paleontologist Philip Gingerich: “I guess I’ve never been particularly devout. But I consider my work to be very spiritual. Just imagining those whales swimming around here, how they lived and died, how the world has changed — all this puts you in touch with something much bigger than yourself, your community, or your everyday existence.”