The Jakarta administration pledged to make public transport the most used form of transportation in the city by 2030.
Gamal Sinurat, head of Jakarta’s zoning office, said the city administration had high hopes that the capital’s traffic congestion could be solved over the next 17 years with the integrated transportation system, which had been included in the 2012 bylaw on regional spatial planning.
“We hope private vehicle owners will voluntarily switch to public transport, given a choice of transportation mode [all of which will be integrated in to the city transport grid,” Gamal said on Sunday.
He said the bylaw detailed the city’s 17-year plan for public transportation.
The city has planned to build seven transit-oriented developments (TOD) across the capital region and 17 park-and-ride centers, all of which will be integrated into a city-wide public transport grid.
Park-and-ride areas are expected to enable people riding motorcycles or bicycles to park their vehicles and continue their trips using the train, the mass rapid transit (MRT), light rail transit (LRT), monorail or busway.
“The MRT, [which was initiated in 2013] will have a north-south and an east-west route and one heading to the reclamation area,” he said.
Gamal said the government would also build 38 busway corridors along the route to the reclamation area.
Jakarta Deputy Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama said the city administration had allocated Rp 5.16 trillion ($423 million) in 2014 to develop the transportation system.
“The most important priority for us is to add more public transportation modes so that there will be no reason for private vehicle owners not to switch from driving to using the public transportation system,” he said.
Basuki previously announced a plan to scrap Jakarta’s fuel subsidy program as a way to ease the traffic congestion. He said the city would test the public response to the fuel price hike after the subsidy was eliminated.
He said the implementation of this policy would not give any financial benefits to the administration.
Instead, profits from the policy will be immediately handed over to the central government, he said, emphasizing that the move would be necessary for reducing congestion, even after the city restricted the use of private vehicles.
The government in June had agreed to increase the price of subsidized gasoline, known as Premium, from Rp 4,500 per liter to Rp 6,500.
The price of subsidized diesel, known as Solar, was also raised from Rp 4,500 per liter to Rp 5,500.
Basuki said despite the new law, he would go ahead with the implementation of the proposed policy in the capital. He added that state-owned oil and gas company Pertamina had expressed its support for the city’s decision.
Meanwhile, the Center of Public Interest Studies (Puskepi) said the fuel subsidy cut would not help the government ease the city’s traffic congestion.
Sofyano Zakaria, Puskepi’s director, said many people who worked in Jakarta did not live within city limits and therefore would be untouched by the regulation.
“Therefore the Jakarta government should make a policy that limits the capital as the center for investments that requires massive human resources,” he said.
Instead, Sofyan said the administrations of Jakarta’s satellite cities’ should be encouraged to the take commuters into consideration when developing policy.